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1 edition of Frictional interaction of tire and pavement found in the catalog.

Frictional interaction of tire and pavement

Frictional interaction of tire and pavement

a symposium

by

  • 399 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by ASTM in Philadelphia, Pa. (1916 Race St., Philadelphia 19103) .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Automobiles -- Skidding.,
  • Tires -- Traction.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementsponsored by ASTM Committees E-17 on Traveled Surface Characteristics and F-9 on Tires, Akron-Fairlawn, Ohio, 11-13 Nov. 1981 ; W.E. Meyer and J.D. Walter, editors.
    SeriesASTM special technical publication ;, 793
    ContributionsMeyer, W. E., Walter, J. D., ASTM Committee E-17 on Traveled Surface Characteristics., ASTM Committee F-9 on Tires.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTL295 .F74 1983
    The Physical Object
    Pagination334 p. :
    Number of Pages334
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3512418M
    LC Control Number82072886


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Frictional interaction of tire and pavement Download PDF EPUB FB2

Try the new Google Books. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features. Try it now. No thanks. Try the new Google Books Get print book. No eBook available Frictional Interaction of Tire and Pavement. Meyer. ASTM International, - Friction - pages.

This publication focuses on some of the current technical challenges confronting researchers working in this field. 16 papers comprise this book's contents and look into a number of problems that are inherent in tire and pavement surfaces and their interaction under a broad range of conditions.

STP Frictional Interaction of Tire and Pavement focuses on some of the current technical challenges confronting researchers working in this field. 16 papers comprise this book's contents and look into a number of problems that are inherent in tire and pavement surfaces and their interaction under a broad range of conditions.

Contents. Tires – Roads – Rainfall – Vehicles: The Traction. Tire pavement friction is the result of two main forces, adhesion and hysteresis. Adhesion is due to the molecular bonding between the tire and the pavement surface while hysteresis is the result of energy loss due to tire deformation.

As the tire comes into contact with the pavement, the surface texture causes deformation in the tire Size: KB. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Contribution to Book Frictional Interaction of Tire and Pavement. ASTM International Joseph D. Walter, The University Of Akron; Link Find in your library Document Type. Contribution to Book Publication Date. Disciplines. Engineering and. FRICTIONAL INTERACTION OF TIRE AND PAVEMENT.

This ASTM Special Technical Publication contains the following papers: Tires--Roads--Rainfall--Vehicles: The Traction Connection, A. Veith; Influence of Tread Wear Irregularity on Wet Friction Performance of Tires, A.

Williams and M. Evans; Tire Traction Testing in Adverse Environments, W. Janowski; Design and Performance. Frictional Interaction of Tire and Pavement ASTM STP Volume of ASTM special technical publication Journal of ASTM International: Selected technical papers: Author: ASTM Committees F-9 on Tires: Editors: W.

Meyer, J. Walter: Contributors: American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM Committees E on Traveled Surface. tires in both the slip and skid mode emphasized the importance of pave­ ment surface macrotexture at speeds of 40 mph or more.

•FRICTION measurements of tire-pavement interaction are considered highly accept­ able for evaluating the skid-resistant properties of pavement surfaces and are essential.

SURFACE TEXTURE VERSUS SKIDDING: MEASUREMENTS, FRICTIONAL ASPECTS, AND SAFETY FEATURES OF TIRE-PAVEMENT INTERACTIONS. A SYMPOSIUM. Surface texture, with its attendant effects on phenomena at the tire-pavement interface, greatly influences the frictional properties and therefore the safety of highway and runway surfaces.

Tire-pavement friction is a key component in road safety. Adhesion and hysteresis are the two main mechanisms that affect the friction between Frictional interaction of tire and pavement book tires and pavements. This study experimentally. In addition to this issue, safety aspects of pavement/tire interaction revealed by a tire-loading-based approach as an advantageous replacement to the traditional use of the coe cient of friction (CoF) and skid number (SN) are also considered.

The sliding of a pneumatic rubber lire on a rigid pavement surface, however, is an Interaction of two materials at ihe extreme range of rigidity. The pavement, especially portland-cement-concrele pavement, Is rigid, whereas rubber has properties of flexibility, toughness, elasticity, and plasticity.

Tire-pavement friction is a complex phenomenon as it is affected by several interconnected factors that can be mainly ascribed to: tire characteristics and operating conditions, pavement surface characteristics (micro-texture and macro-texture) and material interposed between tire and surface pavement (water, snow/ice, contaminants).

An essential part of the vehicle-pavement interaction is friction force between the tire and the pavement surface. It gives the vehicle the ability to have safe acceleration, maneuver, corner, and stop operations [ 5].

The friction force developed at the contact zone between tire and pavement is called skid resistance [ 6]. Tire-Pavement Interaction The forces required to maintain a highway vehicle on the selected course at the desired speed are provided by the frictional coupling between the pavement and the tires.

Under certain driving conditions the friction demand may exceed the available by: Apart from the macrotexture, there are several factors that affect the wet friction, such as, environmental, tire and pavement related characteristics.

In recent years, development of powerful finite element tools made it possible to simulate complex wet tire-pavement interaction as close. As shown in Fig. 1 B, tire-pavement noise is dominant in vehicle noise when car speed exceeds 50 km/h (Bernhard et al., ).

Sandberg () pointed out that the tire-pavement noise is an important part of vehicle noise when car speed exceeds 50 km/h or truck speed exceeds 70 km/h. Other studies have also reached similar conclusions that tire-pavement noise is dominant in vehicle noise. Get this from a library.

Surface texture versus skidding: measurements, frictional aspects, and safety features of tire-pavement interactions: a symposium presented at the seventy-seventh annual meeting, American Society for Testing and Materials, Washington, D.C., June, [American Society for Testing and Materials. Committee E on Skid Resistance.

Tire-pavement interaction is a critical analysis for conducting friction measurements and safety evaluation on highway pavements.

() The little book of pro the frequency dependent loss. Past experimental studies show that tire–pavement friction values are related to conditions surrounding the tire such as pavement temperature, ambient temperature, contained air temperature, and surface characteristics of the pavement.

For measurements taken in different temperature conditions, road agencies generally apply correction factors. The goal of this paper is to contribute to tire–pavement-interaction analyses from a structural mechanics point of view. The proposed asphalt material model is used to analyse the strain–stress dependencies of an asphalt pavement which is cyclically loaded by a truck tire.

Adhesion between tire and pavement surface changes in pres-ence of water, thereby affecting the overall CoF. Moreover, the con-cept of adhesion and related CoF can be well understood by considering the whole system as a three phase system of tire-water-pavement.

Fig. 1 illustrates the interactions between the three phases (tire, water and. conditions [2]-[4]. An essential part of the vehicle-pavement interaction is friction force between the tire and the pavement surface. It gives the vehicle the ability to have safe acceleration, maneuver, corner, and stop operations [5].

The friction force devel-oped at the contact zone between tire and pavement is called skid resistance [6]. come from the interaction between the tires and pavement, the frictional demand, which varies with road, tire, weather, and traffic conditions, must be met under all driving condi­ tions.

The ability of a tire-pavement interaction to provide adequate traction on wet roads is. Pavement Friction Requirements 21 Chapter 3 Simulation of Tire-Pavement Friction Interaction Using 3-D FEM Program 23 Mechanical Behavior of Tire-Pavement Friction Interaction 23 Energy Dissipation during Sliding 23 Temperature and Speed Dependencies 24 3-D FEM Modeling Tire-Pavement Friction Interaction Process Research Results Digest May INTRODUCTION This digest summarizes the findings of the research conducted under NCHRP Proj- ect to develop a guide that addresses frictional characteristics and performance of pavement surfaces and considers re- lated tire-pavement noise and other relevant issues.

The friction between the tire and pavement is a complex phenomenon depending on many factors, such as viscoelastic properties of rubber, pavement texture, temperature, vehicle speed, slip ratio, and normal pressure. In this work, to analyse the changing characteristics of contact stresses in the tyre–pavement interface and the functional relationship between rolling resistance and the working conditions of truck-bus tyres, a three-dimensional tyre–pavement model is established and used to predict the distribution of contact stresses and rolling resistance under different working conditions of.

Brewer, H. Design and Performance Aspects of Antilock Brake Control Systems Meyer, W. Walters, J. Frictional Interaction of Tire and Pavement American Society for Testing and Materials Canudas de Wit, C.

Tsiotras, P. Dynamic Tire Friction Models for Vehicle Traction Control Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on. role in tire/pavement noise. Noise Sound can be either desirable or undesirable. Music is an example of desirable sound.

Sound generated by tire/pavement interaction is undesirable and will be referred to as tire/pavement noise. Depending on amplitude and duration, noise may have a range of effect on humans. At high levels for sustained. Frictional Trends for Slipping and Skidding Tires on Dry and Wet Pavements 48 8.

The Three Zones of the Contact Area of a Tire 49 9. Drawing of the Test Pads 50 1 0. Gradient and Percentage Gradient Calculations 56 Effects of Pavement Texture Depths (TXD), Tire Tread.

This study investigated many important issues associate with pavement surface friction testing, in particular using the smooth tire. This study utilized 3-D FEM program to investigate the fundamental friction phenomenon in light of energy dissipation during friction process.

It was demonstrated that the pavement friction depends on many factors such as test tire, test speed, surrounding. A three-dimensional finite element model is presented to predict wet-pavement skid resistance and hydroplaning speeds (i.e., wheel speed at which hydroplaning occurs) under different magnitudes of passenger-car wheel load, tire inflation pressure, water film thickness, and vehicle speed.

A patterned tire provides grooves or channels into which the water can squeeze as the tire rolls along the road, thus again providing a region of direct contact between tire and road.

A patterned tire gives typical dry and wet frictional coefficients of about andrespectively. Two more came from the airport ASFT (airport surface friction tester) friction tester-one smooth ASTM; the other smooth retreaded type T The tires were tested in a pressure range from to kPa.

The range of vertical wheel load on the pavement was – kN for airplane tires, and – kN for friction tester tires. deformation. Energy is dissipated during the interaction between the tire and the pavement surface.

This phenomenon is known as hysteresis (Li, Noureldin, and Zhu ). The greater the energy dissipation of the tire in contacts with the pavement, the better the skid resistance of the subject pavement.

On the other hand, when the tire is. The reasons lie in the mechanics of the tire—pavement interaction. The characteristic squealing sound you hear when you corner in a smoothly paved parking garage illustrates how a frictional mechanism can sometimes dominate overall tire—pavement noise The Little Book of Quieter Pavements, rep no.

FHWA-IF, Federal. Doty, R.N. Study of the sand patch and outflow meter methods of pavement surface texture measurement. In Surface Texture versus Skidding: Measurements, Frictional Aspects, and Safety Features of Tire-Pavement Interactions, ASTM STP American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pa.

42– interaction at the tire-pavement interface represents the final link in the vehicle pavement wet frictional skid and/or noise reduction designs of pavements. The developed laboratory testing protocol will be correlated to traditional texture tests.

Subtask VP2a Run parametric studies on tire-pavement noise and skid response. For example, if a book is resting upon a surface, o Road texture affects the interaction of tires and the driving surface. Measurement A tribometer is an instrument that measures friction on a surface. A profilograph is a device used to measure pavement surface roughness.Traction is the friction that builds up between the tires on a car and the pavement.

Rolling traction is the interaction between the tire and the surface, which results in forward motion. When water coats that surface, the tire can't obtain traction.Unlike normal tires, the ATV tire has a pulsing effect while at limit conditions. Even on level pavement the pulsing persists which indicates that is not necessarily a surface interaction phenomenon.

The frictional spikes are significantly above rising as high as and will affect one's prediction of the motion of the vehicle.